Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

April 2009

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Auschwitz, Crimes against humanity, Florida, Gans, Angelica, Gans, Philip, Genocide, Holocaust survivors, Holocaust survivors' families, Holocaust, 1939-1945, Netherlands


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust survivor Philip Gans. Gans was born in the Netherlands in 1928 and lived with his family in Amsterdam until 1942, when his father received a notice of deportation. The family went into hiding and Gans was separated from his parents and siblings for a year. In 1943, when Gans was fifteen, his family was captured by the Nazis and sent to Auschwitz, where most of them died. Gans was a prisoner at Auschwitz for two years, until it was closed in 1945; after that he was moved to several different camps, ending up at Flossenb├╝rg, where he stayed until it was liberated in April 1945. Gans describes his experiences in hiding, as a prisoner at Auschwitz and other camps, on the death marches from one camp to another, and after liberation. At the end of the interview, his wife Angelica Gans joins the conversation. They describe how they met and got married in 1978. In 1992 Gans began seeing a psychiatrist to discuss his experiences in the Holocaust; he and Mrs. Gans describe the effect that counseling has had on his emotional state.

Physical Information

1 sound file (180 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (66 p.)