Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

December 2009

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Asaba (Nigeria), Civil War, 1967-1970, Crimes against humanity, Massacres, Obielue, Patrick


Oral history interview with Patrick Obielue, a survivor of the Asaba Massacre, a mass killing of civilians which occurred in 1967 as part of the Nigerian Civil War. Obielue, who was a schoolboy when the massacre took place, fled the town with his family when the Nigerian soldiers entered the city. They hid in the bush for several days before he and some other children returned. Obielue helped dig the mass grave in which many of the bodies were buried. In 1968 the soldiers returned to Asaba and sent the citizens to a refugee camp at a local school, where they stayed for two months. Several young men were forced to dig graves, then shot and pushed into the graves, which Obielue saw happen at least three times. Although the soldiers killed the men and raped the women, Obielue and the other boys were able to talk with them without incident. Obielue has lived in Asaba for his entire life, and although he supports a memorial cenotaph or building, he is not in favor of exhuming the bodies.

Physical Information

1 sound file (15 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (14 p.)