Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

July 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Ambulance Car Company, 567, American Field Service, Atrocities, Bergen-Belsen, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Genocide, Germany, Liberation, Medical care, American, United States, Veterans, Waters, Melvin, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Melvin Waters. Waters joined the American Field Service after being rejected by the U.S. military for having high blood pressure. He went to Italy with the British 8th Army, where he drove ambulances. In March 1945, he was selected to go to France with the 567th Ambulance Car Company. They went through France, Belgium, and into the Netherlands, where they picked up hospital personnel and equipment for transport into Germany. They arrived at Bergen-Belsen about ten days after it was liberated, commandeering the guards' quarters for the hospital. Waters was at the camp for nearly a month; his assignments included driving, carrying stretchers, and guard duty. In this interview, he describes his reactions to the prisoners when he first entered the camp and shares some other wartime stories.

Physical Information

1 sound file (125 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (31 p.)