Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

March 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Atrocities, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Genocide, Germany, Infantry Division, 104th, Jewish veterans, Liberation, Nordhausen, American, Sunshine, Morris, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


Oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Morris Sunshine. Sunshine was a combat engineer in the 104th Infantry Division, which liberated Nordhausen on April 11, 1945. The day his platoon found Nordhausen, they had no idea what the camp was but began to smell it about ten miles out. When they saw the prisoners, the medics immediately began trying to help them, and they were soon joined by other platoons. Sunshine went into the yard and tried to talk to the prisoners, who told him that the Germans had planned to burn the camp but did not have the chance. The next day, the local townspeople were brought to the camp to bury the bodies, and Sunshine left on the third day. Shortly after the war ended, he also went to Buchenwald. On occupation duty, Sunshine was stationed in Berlin, where he organized a jazz band; he was a professional musician before and after the war.

Physical Information

1 sound file (56 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (25 p.)