Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

September 2008

Creation Date

2008-09-21

Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center

Keywords

Armored Division, 14th, Army, Atrocities, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Dachau, Genocide, Germany, Liberation, American, Stalag VII A., Straba, Robert J., United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945

Abstract

Oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Robert J. Straba. Straba was a member of the 14th Armored Division, which liberated the POW camp Stalag VII A at Moosburg on April 29, 1945. The division had a small firefight to get into the camp, and when they came through the gate, Straba was immediately struck by how emaciated the prisoners were. His captain ordered the cooks to make pancakes for the prisoners, not realizing that they could not handle such rich food. Straba's unit left the next morning, and he did not see the entire camp, although he did encounter one airman who had only been a prisoner for two weeks and was eager to go with them and continue fighting. Straba also saw a number of small slave labor camps and went to Dachau after the war ended.

Physical Information

1 sound file (34 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (15 p.)