Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

December 2009

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Asaba (Nigeria), Civil War, 1967-1970, Crimes against humanity, Massacres, Nwanze, Victoria Chibuzo


Oral history interview with Victoria Nwanze, a survivor of the Asaba Massacre, a mass killing of civilians which occurred in 1967 during the Nigerian Civil War. Nwanze was a student at the University of Nigeria when the war started, and returned to her family in Asaba at the end of September 1967. On October 5, when the Nigerian troops entered the city, some soldiers came to their house and took her and her family to St. Patrick's College, where they stayed until the morning of October 7--the day of the massacre. They went out with the other townspeople to welcome the troops. When they got to the plaza, the women were taken to a hospital to wait while the men were shot. After returning to their house, they went to the nearby town of Ibusa, where Nwanze and the other girls stayed until December. She was also present for another incident in March 1968, during which her grandmother's house was burned.

Physical Information

1 sound file (14 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (6 p.)