Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

December 2008

Creation Date

2008-12-23

Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center

Keywords

Airborne Division, 82nd, Army, Atrocities, Boizenburg (Germany), Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Genocide, Germany, Jewish veterans, Liberation, American, Steinfeld, Manfred, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945, Wöbbelin (Concentration camp)

Abstract

This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Manfred Steinfeld. Steinfeld was a sergeant in the 82nd Airborne Division, which liberated Wöbbelin, a sub-camp of Neuengamme, on May 2, 1945. He was not present when the 82nd Airborne found the camp since he was with a group making contact with the Russian forces. They ordered the local townspeople to bury the dead, and Steinfeld, being a German American, coordinated some of these activities with the mayor's office. After the war ended, he was assigned to the town of Boizenburg as military governor. One day, a woman approached him on the street and pointed out another man, who was Ludwig Ramdohr, one of the SS officers from Ravensbrück. The woman was a survivor of the camp, Margarete Buber-Neumann, a prominent member of the German Communist Party. Steinfeld helped her make contact with her daughters in Palestine and was later reunited with one of the daughters. He and his wife are the benefactors of the Fern and Manfred Steinfeld Program in Judaic Studies at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

Physical Information

1 sound file (44 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (17 p.)