Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

September 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Atrocities, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Dachau, Genocide, Germany, Infantry Division, 42nd, Liberation, American, Rose, James, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


Oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator James Rose. Rose was a medic with the 42nd Infantry Division, which liberated Dachau on April 29, 1945. His unit was headed towards the area of Dachau and, as they were walking, started to smell the camp, which they thought might have been a gas leak. They continued walking for several more miles before getting to the camp. Rose and his unit went inside and briefly went through the camp, but did not spend long there before they had to continue moving; they did see the crematoria and, on their way out, the death train. Rose did not speak about the camp until 1990 when he joined the Veterans of Foreign Wars and started giving talks at schools. In this interview, he also explains how he earned his two Bronze Stars and reads a short letter from President Truman.

Physical Information

1 sound file (35 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (20 p.)