Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

June 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Atrocities, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Genocide, Germany, Infantry Division, 104th, Liberation, Nordhausen, American, Rice, Rip G., United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


Oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Rip G. Rice. Rice was a member of the 104th Infantry Division, which liberated Nordhausen on April 11, 1945; he was in an engineering battalion, and his job was to purify water for the soldiers. The day his division found Nordhausen, they were en route to another town, and as they approached the camp they started to smell burning flesh. A military policeman met them on the road and diverted them towards the camp. Rice was physically and emotionally sick when he saw and smelled the corpses; after the war, he was very angry at the German people, but gradually his feelings changed to the point where he describes himself as a Germanophile. In this interview, he also recalls an encounter with a German chemist in 1967, who, during the war, was a member of the underground that saved several American soldiers by providing information about an attack.

Physical Information

1 sound file (54 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (18 p.)