Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

March 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Battle of the Ardennes, Battle of the Bulge, 1944-1945, Armored Division, 6th, Army, Atrocities, Buchenwald, Campaigns, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, France, Genocide, Germany, Jewish veterans, Liberation, Normandy, American, Rappaport, Melvin H., United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Melvin H. Rappaport. Rappaport was a captain and the liaison to corps headquarters in the 6th Armored Division, which liberated Buchenwald on April 11, 1945. A day or so later, he and a friend heard rumors about the camp and went to see it. Rappaport went through the camp, going inside the crematorium building and seeing the barracks and the Kleine Lager, the "little camp" where most of the Jewish prisoners were kept. He met an English-speaking Polish man, who told him about the camp. Rappaport was in Buchenwald for less than two hours, but it had a profound effect on him, and he is unable to forget what he saw there. In this interview, he also recounts his experiences in the Battle of Normandy and the Battle of the Bulge.

Physical Information

1 sound file (118 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (76 p.)