Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

December 2009

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Asaba (Nigeria), Civil War, 1967-1970, Crimes against humanity, Massacres, Mkpayah, Chris


Oral history interview with Chris Mkpayah, a survivor of the Asaba Massacre, a mass killing of civilians which occurred in 1967 during the Nigerian Civil War. Mkpayah, who was nineteen at the time, was a student at St. Patrick's College, Asaba. The day of the massacre, he returned to his grandmother's house after church, heard shooting, and decided to check on a friend; the friend had been shot in front of his house and was already dead. Mkpayah then returned home and after a while heard the procession of people headed for the plaza, ostensibly to welcome the troops. He joined the procession, believing that the soldiers would not kill unarmed civilians, but the soldiers began shooting and killed several hundred people. Mkpayah was not injured. After dark, he and another friend went to another town, where they stayed until Mkpayah's cousin found them a month later. He went to Biafra in 1968 and stayed there until the war ended.

Physical Information

1 sound file (44 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (25 p.)