Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

March 2008

Creation Date

2008-03-19

Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center

Keywords

Battle of the Ardennes, Battle of the Bulge, 1944-1945, Armored Division, 11th, Army, Atrocities, Austria, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Genocide, Gusen, Liberation, Mauthausen, Medical care, Moran, Hana Berger, American, Petersohn, LeRoy, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945

Abstract

This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator LeRoy Petersohn. Petersohn was a medic with the 11th Armored Division, which liberated Mauthausen-Gusen on May 5, 1945. His unit was called to the camp, and an English-speaking prisoner led Petersohn around the camp, including the crematorium and the barracks. While going through one of the women's barracks, Petersohn found a woman with a seven-week-old baby, born in another camp; the baby had a skin infection and needed immediate treatment. He fetched a doctor and they surgically cleaned the wounds. Petersohn stayed in the camp for five days, treating prisoners. In 2005, he was reunited with Hana Berger Moran, who had been the baby he saved, at the sixtieth anniversary of Mauthausen's liberation. Petersohn frequently speaks to schoolchildren, and has been featured in two other books. In this interview, he also tells of some other wartime experiences, including a close call at the Battle of the Bulge.

Physical Information

1 sound file (124 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (32 p.)