Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

July 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Atrocities, Buchenwald, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Genocide, Germany, Infantry Division, 80th, Liberation, O'Neil, Eugene, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


Oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Eugene O'Neil. O'Neil was a member of the 80th Infantry Division, which liberated Buchenwald on April 12, 1945. He went to Europe as a replacement and joined the division in Belgium in January 1945 at the end of the Battle of the Bulge. His division came into the city of Weimar, and O'Neil and his unit stood outside the Buchenwald gate and saw the emaciated prisoners. As an infantryman, he did not go inside; his unit had to continue moving. O'Neil served in the Korean War as a member of the Naval Reserve, and was also in the D.C. Air National Guard before becoming a government worker.

Physical Information

1 sound file (30 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (13 p.)