Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

December 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Atrocities, Crimes against humanity, Gardelegen Massacre, Gardelegen, Germany, 1945, Genocide, Germany, Infantry Division, 102nd, Massacres, Motzko, Edmund S., American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Edmund S. Motzko. Motzko was in an anti-aircraft artillery battalion attached to the 102nd Infantry Division, which discovered the Gardelegen Massacre in Gardelegen, Germany. On April 13, 1945, 1,100 Jewish prisoners were corralled in a barn, which was then set on fire. The 102nd arrived on the scene a day or two later; when Motzko got there, two piles of bodies were still smoldering near the barn door. Motzko was assigned to guard the survivors, one of whom, Geza Bondi, served as his translator. The townspeople from Gardelegen were brought in to bury the bodies, and the 102nd stayed there until after the war ended. Motzko took several photographs of the massacre site which are in Holocaust museums in the United States and Germany.

Physical Information

1 sound file (30 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (14 p.)