Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

November 2008

Creation Date

2008-11-30

Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center

Keywords

Armored Division, 14th, Army, Atrocities, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Genocide, Germany, Jewish veterans, Liberation, Melman, Nathan, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945

Abstract

Oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Nathan Melman. Melman was a member of the 14th Armored Division, which liberated Ampfing, Mühldorf, and other Dachau sub-camps, as well as Stalag VII A, a large prisoner of war camp near Moosburg. His unit discovered Ampfing while on reconnaissance. When they drove into the camp and saw the starving prisoners, who had neither food nor water, their major had them throw rations into the crowd, which nearly caused a riot. Melman walked around the camp and spoke to several prisoners, one of whom knew his mother's family in Czechoslovakia. He also saw a mass grave containing about 2,000 bodies, and took a picture of it; he also photographed some of the inmates. Melman was at Ampfing overnight and never went to Mühldorf or Stalag VII A. In this interview, he also reads some passages from a book written by Holocaust survivor Coenraad Rood, who was a prisoner at Ampfing when it was liberated.

Physical Information

1 sound file (59 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (30 p.)