The authors of MARO: Mass Atrocity Response Operations; A Military Planning Handbook, Sarah Sewall, Dwight Raymond, and Sally Chin, emphasize more than once in their proposed manual that while MARO is not currently US military doctrine ‘‘it should be.’’ Clearly favoring the idea that the US military should be prepared to carry out missions other than traditional warfare and counter-terrorism, MARO’s authors give us a reasonably solid first crack at how military force might be profit- ably used to deter and stop genocide and other atrocities. Although the authors contend, correctly, that the MARO project is different from many elements of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine, the rationale for and content of the hand- book are in fact grounded firmly in R2P’s overarching principle of protecting popula- tions at risk of serious harm. It is more accurate to say that MARO, while not the operationalization of all of the R2P doctrine, is the operationalization of one specific aspect of R2P: the responsibility to react through military intervention.
Hiebert, Maureen S.
"MARO as the Partial Operationalization of R2P,"
Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal:
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