Synthesis of Volcano Monitoring
Eruption forecasting, Geochemistry, Geodesy, Merapi, Volcano monitoring, Volcano-seismology
This chapter synthesizes the monitoring of active volcanoes using a wide range of techniques and instrumentation. We cover definitions, concepts of instrument design and use, patterns and processes that occur before, during, and after eruptions. Ideas, trends, and the interplay between monitoring and research are discussed for both under-monitored and well-monitored “laboratory volcanoes,” including a recent case history of the 2010 eruption of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. We conclude with a discussion of: the importance of using multiple techniques and databases in forecasting, the reliability of forecasts, and future directions in volcano monitoring.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Synthesis of Volcano Monitoring, in H. Sigurdsson, B. Houghton, H. Rymer, J. Styx & S. McNutt (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Volcanoes (1st Ed.), Academic Press, p. 1167-1185
Scholar Commons Citation
McNutt, Stephen R.; Rymer, Hazel; and Stix, John, "Synthesis of Volcano Monitoring" (1999). School of Geosciences Faculty and Staff Publications. 289.