USF St. Petersburg campus Faculty Publications


Child pornography in the 21st Century: From child pornographic exploitation to youth sexting.

SelectedWorks Author Profiles:

Joan A. Reid

Document Type


Publication Date



Operating in the shadows created by recent technological advances in online communication, child pornographic exploitation (CPE) is considered among the most psychologically harmful types of cybercrime. In an era of unprecedented technological accessibility coupled with the perception of online anonymity, concerns have escalated regarding the proliferation of CPE and the excessive brutishness of child sexual abuse involved in the creation of new CPE content. Conversely, highly publicized cases have raised questions regarding overreach by police and courts when handling sexting juveniles as serious sex offenders. This essay examines emerging concerns over the redoubling of criminal justice resources devoted to combating CPE in the last decade with a critical analysis of the evidence pertaining to the extent and nature of CPE and CPE content. The essay also highlights challenges to combating CPE due to the widespread use of mobile technology and the anonymity of the Darknet.


Citation only. Full-text chapter is available through licensed access provided by the publisher. Published in Oxford Handbooks Online: Criminology and Criminal Justice. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199935383.013.132.




Oxford University Press

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

This document is currently not available here.