This study uses a measure of the on-track or off-track status of students at the end of grade 9 as an indicator of whether students in five Texas districts would graduate from high school in four years. In all five districts, on-time graduation rates were higher for students who were on track at the end of grade 9 than for students who were off track, both for students overall and for all racial/ethnic groups.
Regional Educational Laboratories Southwest
Hartman, J., Wilkins, C., Gregory, L., Gould, L.F., & D’Souza, S. (2011). Applying an on-track indicator for high school graduation: Adapting the Consortium on Chicago School Research indicator for five Texas districts. Issues & Answers (REL 2011- No. 100). Washington, DC: U.S. DOE, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Regional Educational Laboratories Southwest. Retrieved from the Regional Educational Laboratories Program website: https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/edlabs/projects/project.asp?ProjectID=264
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