Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Degree Granting Department


Major Professor

Paul E. Spector, Ph.D.

Co-Major Professor

Stephen Stark, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Michael T. Brannick, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Kristen Salomon, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Logan M. Steele, Ph.D.


Diversity climate, Group dissimilarity, Hostile attribution, Job attitudes


This research operationalized perceptions of workplace discrimination (PWD) as a multidimensional construct and examined relationships between different types of PWD (subtle, interpersonal, and formal discrimination) and potential antecedent variables. Furthermore, this research investigated whether different types of PWD related to job attitude variables differently across different demographic groups (race, sex, and age). Participants of this study consisted of 1,610 employees from multiple southeastern public universities. Results from this study found that psychological diversity climate had the strongest relationship to the different dimensions of PWD, followed by hostile attribution bias and perceived group dissimilarity. Blacks and Black females reported the most frequent occurrences of PWD, and older employees reported significantly stronger negative relationships between types of PWD and organizational commitment than younger employees. There are several contributions to the literature as well as opportunities for future research that are discussed.

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Psychology Commons