Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Granting Department

Computer Science

Major Professor

Miguel A. Labrador, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Srinivas Katkoori, Ph.D.

Committee Member

N. Ranganathan, Ph.D.


Congestion Control, TCP/IP, TCP-Friendly, Fairness Index, Streaming Video, Transport Layer


Voice over IP and video applications continue to increase the amount of traffic over the Internet. These applications utilize the UDP protocol because TCP is not suitable for streaming applications. The flow and congestion control mechanisms of TCP can change the connection transmission rate too drastically, affecting the user-perceived quality of the transmission. Also, the TCP protocol provides a level of reliability that may waste network resources, retransmitting packets that have no value. On the other hand, the use of end-to-end flow and congestion control mechanisms for streaming applications has been acknowledged as an important measure to ease or eliminate the unfairness problem that exist when TCP and UDP share the same congested bottleneck link. Actually, router-based and end-to-end solutions have been proposed to solve this problem. This thesis introduces a new end-to-end protocol based on TCP SACK called SF-SACK that promises to be smooth enough for streaming applications while implementing the known flow and congestion control mechanisms available in TCP. Through simulations, it is shown that in terms of smoothness the SF-SACK protocol is considerably better than TCP SACK and only slightly worse than TFRC. Regarding friendliness, SF-SACK is not completely fair to TCP but considerably fairer than UDP. Furthermore, if SF-SACK is used by both streaming and data-oriented applications, complete fairness is achieved. In addition, SF-SACK only needs sender side modifcations and it is simpler than TFRC.