Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)

Degree Granting Department

Secondary Education

Major Professor

Sarah Kiefer, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Bárbara Cruz, Ed.D.

Committee Member

Cheryl Ellerbrock, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Elizabeth Shaunessy-Dedrick, Ph.D.


Career exploration education, Creativity education, secondary education, Intrinsic motivation


This study aimed to investigate teachers’ perceptions and experiences of career education as to how career education shapes students’ intrinsic motivation and creativity in a high school in South Korea. Career education in South Korea aims to help students discover their interests, skills, aptitudes, and passions, and to help them understand what they need to achieve their goals in the future through the opportunities of various experiences. Career education can help students increase their intrinsic motivation and creativity as well as discover future occupations through various types of activities. This study was informed by two theoretical frameworks, Self-determination theory and Flow theory. I conducted two individual interviews with each of the four participating teachers in a high school in South Korea with a romantic style of interviewing and used narrative analysis. The findings are organized into five key themes: competence, autonomy, relatedness, teacher's roles as a facilitator, and challenges. Participating career education teachers perceived career education as promoting student intrinsic motivation and creativity by meeting students’ basic psychological needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness. All participating teachers discussed the importance of teachers' roles as a facilitator in career education, and shared challenges that they experienced implementing career education. This study has implications for how career education teachers may serve as facilitators and provide students with individualized guidance and feedback. This study can inform teachers' roles in fostering supportive educational settings for student motivation and creativity and helping high school students navigate their pathways in career education.