Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)

Degree Granting Department

Child and Family Studies

Major Professor

Raymond G. Miltenberger, Ph.D., BCBA-D

Co-Major Professor

Kimberly Crosland, Ph.D., BCBA-D

Committee Member

Bryon Miller, Ph.D., BCBA-D


athletic skill improvement, injury prevention, jogging, performance


Individuals should use proper form while running to prevent injuries. Running with rear-foot strikes (RFS) are associated with greater injury (e.g., Arendse et al., 2004; Daoud et al, 2012), while front-foot strikes (FFS) and mid-foot strikes (MFS) are found to produce less impact on a runner’s leg. Video feedback has improved athletic skill performance in a number of sports, which frequently targets athletic form (BenitezSantiago & Miltenberger, 2016; Kelley & Miltenberger, 2016; Schenk & Miltenberger, 2019). Proper running form is important for injury prevention and can promote continued engagement in running as a long-term form of exercise. A behavior analytic account of video feedback has been shown to be effective with a number of sports, but it has not been evaluated for improving running form. The purpose of this study will is to evaluate the effectiveness of video feedback to improve running form in experienced runners. During baseline, each participant was video recorded while running at a jogging pace, and no feedback was given. For the video feedback intervention, the researcher recorded the participant, then showed each participant the video and provided feedback on correct or incorrect form, according to the 9-step task analysis. Video feedback was shown to be effective on improving running form. All three participants achieved criterion during the feedback session, and it maintained during the follow-up phase.