Master of Science (M.S.)
Degree Granting Department
Kai Rains, Ph.D.
Mark Rains, Ph.D.
Geoff Fouad, Ph.D.
GIS Methods, National Hydrography Dataset, National Wetlands Index, Stream Order
The seasonal expansion and contraction in a stream-wetland flow network is often difficult to characterize due to a lack of accurate mapping products, but proper characterization is important for the management of these resources. A new approach to mapping hydrography, resulting in a Regional Hydrography Dataset (RHD), may offer additional insights not provided by the national standard, the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD). The RHD can be customized to provide seasonal or monthly hydrograph, whereas the NHD is static. We conducted field validation (241 sites) and geospatial analyses to assess the accuracy of these products in the northern Tampa Bay Area. RHD was more accurate, had a lower error of omission rate, and was more representative of our study area conditions than NHD. RHD also had fewer false-negative prediction points, which means it was better at conveying the landscape connectivity we were observing on the ground. RHD is an improvement but does not substitute for wet season fieldwork when accuracy is critical. We conducted a geospatial analysis to characterize the flow network, including connected wetlands, through a year. We found that seasonality affected flowline length, which inherently affected the amount of connected wetland area. Between August and May, 37% of the wetland area connected to the stream network in the wet season is disconnected as the flow network transitions into the dry season. To determine which sections of the flow network were experiencing the most drastic changes, we used the Strahler stream ordering method for May and September hydrography. It was found that 99.7% of first-order streams, 69% of second-order streams, and 18% of third-order stream length were lost due to seasonal influences. Most seasonal flow is in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd stream order streams, while perennial occurs primarily in higher-order positions (i.e., 4th, 5th, and 6th orders)
Scholar Commons Citation
Fransbergen, Savannah, "Expansion-Contraction: Spatial and Temporal Variability in Connectivity in a Stream-Wetland Flow Network" (2021). USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations.