Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Degree Granting Department


Major Professor

Michael Lynch, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Lyndsay Boggess, Ph.D.

Committee Member

John Cochran, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Michael Long, Ph.D.


conservatrion, green criminology, quantitative, wildlife crime


The purpose of this disseration is to examine the distribution of illegal hunting and fishing violations across Texas counties in respect to the economic structure. Illegal hunting plays a part in the extraction of resources that are overly withdrawn, and criminologists have ignored this form of deviancy that has large ramifications for the environment. To view this criminal phenomenon, the study uses the Treadmill of Production theory to determine economic structural factors and whether those factors explain the distribution of illegal hunting and fishing. Using regression analyses and SatScan, the findings suggested that while there are significant factors related to the distribution of illegal hunting, these factors do not explain the distribution completely when a spatial component is included. Thus, while the economic structure does explain the distribution when comparing illegal hunting and fishing across counties, it does not explain individual county’s illegal hunting and fishing activity within them. Texas state and county governments should not form a uniform policy across Texas, but have policy situated for each county in order to address this issue.