Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)

Degree Granting Department

Mass Communications

Major Professor

Roxanne Watson, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Kelli Burns, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Artemio Ramirez, Ph.D.


content analysis, national conditions, the framing theory, trade dispute


Grounded in framing theory, this thesis explores a differential study by content analysis. The 2018 China-United States trade dispute is a major event that was officially launched by the United States and attracted worldwide attention. The ongoing trade disputes have had a huge impact on the economies of the two countries and the world economy, and a large number of news media have reported and commented on the incident. The purpose of the study was to determine the differences between news reports in the two countries depicted in the New York Times and the People’s Daily. The sample comes from an online database of 176 reports from the New York Times and 150 reports from the People’s Daily. The study tested their frame content and attitudes by conducting a comparative analysis of two newspapers on twelve representative reporting terms. Results of the content analysis support fractional hypotheses that there are significant differences in frames of positive/ negative frames in the two newspapers. Based on the findings, implications and future research suggestions are provided.