Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

MS in Civil Engineering (M.S.C.E.)

Degree Granting Department

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Major Professor

A. Gray Mullins, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Rajan Sen, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Michael J. Stokes, Ph.D.


Deficiencies, Carbon Fiber Reinforcing Polymer, Prestress Transfer Length, Area Loss of Steel, Lateral Deflection


The main purpose of this study was to investigate and implement a repair design for corrosion damaged bridge bents in order to resist lateral loading, such as wind loads or ship impact. Using the results from a one-third scale bridge bent constructed and tested for a previous study, non-linear modeling was used to simulate the same corrosion damage and load response. The principle variable considered was damage, represented as a percent of effective area loss of prestressing steel within a designated damage zone along the length of piles. Other influencing variables included: prestress transfer length, localized loss in prestress due to corrosion damage, prestress force, and concrete modulus of elasticity.

Upon successful convergence of measured and modeled results, carbon fiber repair schemes were then modeled to restore bents to their full capacity. Suitable repairs were judged on the basis of restoration of capacity of the entire pile bent and the interaction diagrams of the individual piles. Results of the modeled repairs suggested that a single layer of a commercially available unidirectional carbon fiber would be sufficient when aligned longitudinally. No benefit from accompanying transverse fibers were considered although such a repair was suggested by the study findings.

Analysis indicated that longitudinally bonded carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) to bridge piles increases a bent’s ability to resist bending moment due to lateral loading at the cap. However, additional capacity to plastic region of the response curve indicated larger capacity gains than by gains to elastic regions.