Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Degree Granting Department

Computer Science and Engineering

Major Professor

Dmitry Goldgof, Ph.D.

Co-Major Professor

Lawrence O. Hall, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Rangachar Kasturi, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Peter R. Mouton, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Tapas K. Das, Ph.D.


Medical Image Processing, Nucleus Detection, Classication, Machine Learning, Computer-Aided Diagnosis


Microscopy image processing is an emerging and quickly growing field in medical imaging research area. Recent advancements in technology including higher computation power, larger and cheaper storage modules, and more efficient and faster data acquisition devices such as whole-slide imaging scanners contributed to the recent microscopy image processing research advancement. Most of the methods in this research area either focus on automatically process images and make it easier for pathologists to direct their focus on the important regions in the image, or they aim to automate the whole job of experts including processing and classifying images or tissues that leads to disease diagnosis.

This dissertation is consisted of four different frameworks to process microscopy images. All of them include methods for segmentation either as the whole suggested framework or the initial part of the framework for future feature extraction and classification. Specifically, the first proposed framework is a general segmentation method that works on histology images from different tissues and segments relatively solid nuclei in the image, and the next three frameworks work on cervical microscopy images, segmenting cervical nuclei/cells. Two of these frameworks focus on cervical tissue segmentation and classification using histology images and the last framework is a comprehensive segmentation framework that segments overlapping cervical cells in cervical cytology Pap smear images.

One of the several commonalities among these frameworks is that they all work at the region level and use different region features to segment regions and later either expand, split or refine the segmented regions to produce the final segmentation output. Moreover, all proposed frameworks work relatively much faster than other methods on the same datasets.

Finally, proving ground truth for datasets to be used in the training phase of microscopy image processing algorithms is relatively time-consuming, complicated and costly. Therefore, I designed the frameworks in such a way that they set most (if not all) of the parameters adaptively based on each image that is being processed at the time. All of the included frameworks either do not depend on training datasets at all (first three of the four discussed frameworks) or need very small training datasets to learn or set a few parameters.