Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Granting Department

Mechanical Engineering

Major Professor

Frank Pyrtle, III, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Muhammad Mustafizur Rahman, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Craig Lusk, Ph.D.


heat transfer, conduction, steady-state, heat flux, heated surface


Spray cooling is a high heat removal technique which has been used widely in many industries, especially metallurgical, where the control of the temperatures of metals is an important factor to obtain the desired microstructure; and also in microelectronics where is very important to obtain high heat fluxes at relatively low surface temperatures. In this study, an open loop spray cooling system has been fabricated to provide an upward-facing spray over a 12 mm diameter test surface. A full cone spray nozzle was used to deliver deionized water to the test surface at five pressures (10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 psi), and at three different distances to the test surface (3, 7 and 12 mm). The volumetric flow rate at the surface used in the experiments depended on both the pressures and the distances. For a distance of 3 mm and 7 mm, the volumetric flow rate range from 336.6 to 627 ml/min while for 12 mm, the range was from 336.6 to 484.28 ml/min. Heat fluxes of 1.92 to 451 W/cm2, 2.1 to 417.3 W/cm2 and 1.9 to 409.5 W/cm2 for distances of 3, 7 and 12 mm respectively were registered at different input power levels. For all the three distances, the volumetric flow rate affects the heat flux, especially for 3 mm; and this effect decreases for higher distances. However, the distance between the nozzle and the test surface has little effect on the heat flux at low pressures but at higher pressures, the difference in heat flux is mainly due to the fact that part of the spray does not impinge the test surface.