Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Granting Department


Major Professor

Dennis K. Killinger, Ph.D.


Modified lidar equation, Atmospheric attenuation, Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy


Long range stand-off Raman and Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) lidar signal simulations have been carried out using a modified UV-visible atmospheric transmission program and a modified lidar equation. The Hitran-PC atmospheric transmission program which normally operates over the wavelength range of 400 nm to the far-IR was modified to provide UV atmospheric attenuation (200 nm -- 400 nm) using the optical cross section data contained in the HITRAN database. The two-way lidar equation was modified in order to simulate the one-way propagation of the Raman and LIBS spectral, and thus provide calculations of the expected Raman or LIBS signal as a function of range. Estimation of the LIBS and Raman spectral intensity was then calculated for several remote sensing cases. In particular, the atmospheric attenuation spectra generated with the modified Hitran-PC program were combined with the calculated LIBS and Raman lidar emission spectra at the remote excitation site using a modified lidar equation to determine for the first time to our knowledge the power and S/N ratio versus range of the LIBS and Raman Lidar complete spectrum as a function of wavelength in the UV -- IR region. Previous simulations had only made S/N versus range calculations at a single wavelength or for the total integrated emission. These results are important as they can be used for future design of stand-off LIBS and Raman lidar systems, and for comparisons with experimental measurements. In particular, we are planning to use our simulations for comparison of 266 nm excited LIBS and Raman lidar measurements of energetic compounds at ranges of a few tens of meters.