MARVEL: A Wireless Miniature Anchored Robotic Videoscope for Expedited Laparoscopy

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Conference Proceeding

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video signal processing, cameras, diseases, endoscopes, human-robot interaction, medical robotics, microrobots, mobile robots, radio links, radio networks, robot vision, surgery, video communication

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This paper describes the design and implementation of a Miniature Anchored Robotic Videoscope for Expedited Laparoscopy (MARVEL) and Camera Module (CM) that features wireless communications and control. The CM decreases the surgical-tool bottleneck experienced by surgeons in state-of-the art Laparoscopic Endoscopic Single-Site (LESS) procedures for minimally invasive abdominal surgery. The system includes: (1) a near-zero latency video wireless communications link, (2) a pan/tilt camera platform, actuated by two motors that provides surgeons a full hemisphere field of view inside the abdominal cavity, (3) a small wireless camera, (4) a wireless illumination control system, and (5) a wireless human-machine interface (HMI) to control the CM. An in-vivo experiment on a porcine subject was carried out to test the performance of the system. The robotic design is a Research Platform for a broad range of experiments in a range of domains for faculty and students in the Colleges of Engineering and Medicine and at Tampa General Hospital. This research is the first step in developing semi-autonomous wirelessly controlled and networked laparoscopic devices to enable a paradigm shift in minimally invasive surgery and other domains such as Wireless Body Area Networks.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

2012 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Saint Paul, MN, 2012, p. 2926-2931.