Grasp Planning to Maximize Task Coverage

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task-oriented grasping, task modeling, task disturbance distribution, grasp quality measure

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This paper proposes a task-oriented grasp quality metric based on distribution of task disturbance, which could be used to search for a grasp that covers the most significant part of the disturbance distribution. Rather than using a uniformly distributed task wrench space, this paper models a manipulation task with a non-parametric statistical distribution model built from the disturbance data captured during the task demonstrations. The grasp resulting from maximizing the proposed grasp quality criterion is prone to increasing the coverage of most frequent disturbances. To reduce the computational complexity of the search in a high-dimensional robotic hand configuration space, as well as to avoid the correspondence problem, the candidate grasps are computed from a reduced configuration space that is confined by a set of given thumb placements and thumb directions. The proposed approach has been tested both in simulation and on a real robotic system. In simulation, the approach was validated with a Barrett hand and a Shadow hand in several manipulation tasks. Experiments on a physical robotic platform verified the consistency between the proposed grasp metric and the success rate.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

The International Journal of Robotics Research, v. 34, issue 9, p. 1195-1210.