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bilayer actuators, evaporative cooling, hygroscopic polymers, smart textiles, thermal comfort

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Thermally adaptive textiles (TATs) enable human subjects to attain thermal comfort without energy consumption, which can lead to enormous energy savings on heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) in buildings. Herein, TAT structures which respond to the sweat and generate pores by opening an array of flap-shaped pores patterned on the fabric surface are proposed. A moisture-driven self-actuator for flap opening by constructing a bilayer consisting of a hygroscopic layer using polyethylene glycol and cellulose acetate, and a hydrophobic polymer using a polyester type polymer, is used and successfully demonstrated an essentially instant 4 °C apparent temperature cooling performance within one minute of sweat–humidity-initiated actuation while wearing TAT using a sweating skin simulated device.

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Advanced Intelligent Systems, v. 2, issue 12, art. 2000163