Introducing Seven Transition Metal Ions into Terpyridine-Based Supramolecules: Self-Assembly and Dynamic Ligand Exchange Study

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In coordination-driven self-assembly, 2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine (tpy) has gained extensive attention in constructing supramolecular architectures on the basis of ⟨tpy-M-tpy⟩ connectivity. In direct self-assembly of large discrete structures, however, the metal ions were mainly limited to Cd(II), Zn(II), and Fe(II) ions. Herein, we significantly broaden the spectrum of metal ions with seven divalent transition metal ions M(II) (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd) to assemble a series of supramolecular fractals. In particular, Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) were reported for the first time to form such large and discrete structures with ⟨tpy-M-tpy⟩ connectivity. In addition, the structural stabilities of those supramolecules in the gas phase and the kinetics of the ligand exchange process in solution were investigated using mass spectrometry. Such a fundamental study gave the relative order of structural stability in the gas phase and revealed the inertness of coordination in solution depending on the metal ions. Those results would guide the future study in tpy-based supramolecular chemistry in terms of self-assembly, characterization, property, and application.

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Journal of the American Chemical Society, v. 142, issue 4, p. 1811-1821